Pope names 23 new cardinals
Pope Benedict has named 23 new cardinals - the newest additions to the Pontiffs select group of closest aides.
The newly appointed cardinals include an Iraqi, two Americans and others from around the world in choices he said "reflects the universality of the Church".
Eighteen of the 23 - who are under 80 years old - will be called upon to enter a conclave to elect Benedict's successor after his death. Five are over 80 and would be barred for reasons of age.
This is the second time since his election the Pope has named new cardinals. The first was in March 2006 when he installed 15, Reuters reported.
"Their selection well reflects the universality of the Church," Benedict told pilgrims and tourists during his weekly general audience in St Peter's Square.
The cardinals come from Italy, Argentina, the United States, Germany, Poland, Spain, Ireland, France, Senegal, India, Mexico, Brazil and Kenya.
The Consistory to install the cardinals will be held on November 24 at the Vatican.
One of the newly elected is Emmanuel III Delly, an Iraqi who is Patriarch of Babylon of the Chaldeans.
Although he has just turned 80 and would not be able to enter a conclave, his appointment symbolises the Pope's of the Christian minority in Iraq and the Middle East.
Pope Benedict name 23 Cardinals (Reuters, 17/10/07)
LINKS (not necessarily endorsed by Church Resources)
Vatican - The Holy See - Cardinals Elected
The Catholic Encyclopedia - Papal Consistory
Benedict The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church
Benedict preparing to create new cardinals (CathNews, 14/02/06)
Pope names 15 new cardinals (CathNews, 23/02/06)
Pope installs new cardinals (CathNews, 27/03/06)
18 Oct 2007