Pope installs new cardinals

Pope Benedict installed his first group of new cardinals on Friday, elevating 15 men to join the exclusive College of Cardinals that advises him and will one day elect his successor.

Reuters reports that the ceremony, held on the steps of St Peter's Basilica, included a prayer for religious freedom in China, where the Vatican says Catholics loyal to the Pope are not allowed to practice their faith openly.

Benedict, less than a month away from his first anniversary as Pope, gave each of the men their red cardinal's hats and urged them in a homily to preach a message of love and spread the faith.

"I am counting on you to see to it that the Church's solicitude for the poor and needy challenges the world with a powerful statement on the civilisation of love," he said.

Handing each man his four-cornered biretta hat, he recalled they were coloured red to signify a cardinal's commitment to spread and defend the faith even if it meant spilling his blood.

Twelve of the 15 new cardinals are under 80 and thus eligible to enter a conclave to choose a pope. They are mostly from Europe, Asia and the United States.

Krakow Archbishop Stanislaw Dziwisz, 66, was the best-known face, having been at the late Pope John Paul's side during 26 years as his faithful private secretary and one of the most influential men in the Vatican.

Dziwisz received the biggest round of applause and even the Pope seemed filled with emotion when he embraced Dziwisz, who remains a living symbol of the pontificate that ended a year ago. Dziwisz's lips could be seen saying "Thank You, Thank You" in Italian.

The most influential was William Levada, 69, the former archbishop of San Francisco appointed by Benedict last May to replace him as head of the Vatican's powerful Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.

The biggest surprise of the new cardinals, whose names were first announced last month, was the elevation of Hong Kong's Bishop Joseph Zen Ze-kiun.

Zen is an outspoken supporter of democracy and critic of Beijing's restrictive religious policies, which do not allow Chinese Catholics to recognise the pope's authority.

Pope installs first group of new cardinals (Reuters 24/3/06)

LINKS (not necessarily endorsed by Church Resources)
The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church | New cardinals 2006

Pope calls all cardinals to Rome (CathNews 24/2/06)
Pope names 15 new cardinals (CathNews 23/2/06)

For new cardinals, a ceremony full of symbols (Catholic News Service 24/3/06)
New cardinals: the scarlet is an expression of christ's love (Vatican Information Service 24/3/06 - temporary url)
Titular and diaconate churches of the new cardinals (Vatican Information Service 24/3/06 - temporary url)
Four main themes considered during day of reflection (Vatican Information Service 24/3/06 - temporary url)
To fight hunger is to cooperate in the design of creation (Vatican Information Service 24/3/06 - temporary url)
Cardinal Levada to take possession of his diaconate (Vatican Information Service 24/3/06 - temporary url)
15 new cardinals join elite band of papal advisers (Irish Times 24/3/06)
Pope makes Afghan convert appeal (BBC 25/3/06)
Pope, new cardinals, remember John Paul II (Reuters 25/3/06)
Pope makes new cardinals, prayer said for China (Reuters 24/3/06)
Pope makes new cardinals, prayer said for China (Reuters 24/3/06)
Vatican stresses culture for dialogue with Islam (Reuters 26/3/06)
Pope calls on new cardinals to be "servants" of Jesus' "caritas" (AsiaNews.it 24/3/06)
Joy in the Church, fears in Beijing over Mgr Zen's nomination as cardinal (AsiaNews.it 24/3/06)
Pope: Everything in the Church goes back to Mary's "Here I am (AsiaNews.it 25/3/06)
Card. Zen: My red hat for the blood and tears of the Church in China (AsiaNews.it 24/3/06)
Pope: Consistory is near to Christians persecuted and killed for their faith (AsiaNews.it 24/3/06)
A year after Pope Benedict's election, world sees new style of papacy (Catholic News Service 23/3/06)
One year later, Vatican believes papal transition was moment of grace (Catholic News Service 23/3/06)
Pope creates cardinals, prays for their love for church and Christ (Catholic News Service 24/3/06)
Pope Benedict: New cardinals now share more intensely in the mystery of Christ, the sufferings of Christ (Catholic News Agency 24/3/06)
Vatican outlines Thursday discussions between Pope, Cardinals (Catholic News Agency 24/3/06)
China's Catholics need diplomacy says Cardinal Zen (catholicireland.net 24/3/06)
John L. Allen: Benedict and cardinals discuss Islam, Lefebvre and retired bishops (National Catholic Reporter 24/3/06)
John L. Allen: Vatican explains dropping of papal title (National Catholic Reporter 24/3/06)
Cardinals gather for Pope's first consistory (The Tablet 25/3/06)
Pomp and Circumstance in Rome as the Pope Appoints 15 New Cardinals (The Universe 25/3/06)
Pope Benedict XVI: Ordinary Public Consistory for the Creation of New Cardinals - Eucharistic Concelebration with the New Cardinals -Homily of His Holiness Benedict XVI (25/3/06)
What the Consistory Consists Of (Zenit 23/3/06)
College of Cardinals: an Overview (Zenit 23/3/06)
Papal Address on 40th Anniversary of "Ad Gentes" (Zenit 23/3/06)
Pope Asks New Cardinals to Proclaim God's Love (Zenit 24/3/06)
Church Authority Is Service, Says Benedict XVI (Zenit 24/3/06)
Roman Churches Assigned to New Cardinals (Zenit 24/3/06)
College of Cardinals at a Glance (Zenit 24/3/06)
Benedict XVI's Homily at Consistory (Zenit 24/3/06)

27 Mar 2006