Vatican newspaper says intelligent design not science
Intelligent design is not science and should not be taught as a scientific theory in schools alongside Darwinian evolution, an article in the Vatican newspaper L'Osservatore Romano has said.
Catholic News Service reports that the article said that in pushing intelligent design some groups were improperly seeking miraculous explanations in a way that creates confusion between religious and scientific fields.
At the same time, scientists should recognise that evolutionary theory does not exclude an overall purpose in creation - a "superior design" that may be realized through secondary causes like natural selection, it said.
The article, published in the Tuesday's Italian language edition of the paper, was written by Fiorenzo Facchini, a professor of evolutionary biology at the University of Bologna.
The article noted that the debate over intelligent design - the idea that certain features of life and the universe are best explained by an intelligent designer rather than adaptive evolution - has spread from the United States to Europe.
The problem with intelligent design is that it turns to a "superior cause" - understood though not necessarily named as God - to explain supposed shortcomings of evolutionary science. But that's not how science should work, the article said.
"If the model proposed by Darwin is held to be inadequate, one should look for another model. But it is not correct methodology to stray from the field of science pretending to do science," it said.
The article said a Pennsylvania judge had acted properly when he ruled in December that intelligent design could not be taught as science in schools.
"Intelligent design does not belong to science and there is no justification for the pretext that it be taught as a scientific theory alongside the Darwinian explanation," it said.
From the church's point of view, Catholic teaching says God created all things from nothing, but doesn't say how, the article said. That leaves open the possibilities of evolutionary mechanisms like random mutation and natural selection.
"God's project of creation can be carried out through secondary causes in the natural course of events, without having to think of miraculous interventions that point in this or that direction," it said.
Intelligent design not science, says Vatican newspaper article (Catholic News Service 17/1/06)
LINKS (not necessarily endorsed by Church Resources)
ACU joins Intelligent Design debate (CathNews 9/9/06)
Intelligent design a 'non-event' for NSW Catholic schools (CathNews 15/11/05)
Pell 'agnostic' on intelligent design (CathNews 5/9/05)
Continuing debate on Minister's support for intelligent design teaching (CathNews 29/8/05)
Vatican Observatory head clashes with cardinal on evolution (CathNews 8/8/05)
Cardinal redefines Church's view on evolution (CathNews 11/7/05)
Vatican Observatory sponsors conference on evolution (CathNews 22/6/04)
Vatican scientist joins effort to define new object in solar system (CathNews 29/3/04)
'Intelligent design' theory threatens evolution in US schools (CathNews 24/11/04)
19 Jan 2006