Black smoke signals no pope yet
As smoke billowed from the chimney leading to the Sistine Chapel at 4:05 this morning Sydney time, it was known that the Cardinals had held the first ballot in their conclave, but failed to elect a new pope.
BBC News reports that the smoke - appearing just after 6:00 pm local time - signified that the 115 cardinals locked into chapel earlier on Monday had not reached a two-thirds majority.
Cheers went up from the more than 40,000 pilgrims gathered in St Peter's Square when the smoke emerged.
They had been congregating in the piazza throughout the evening, eager to witness the result of the first ballot to elect a successor to Pope John Paul II, who died on 2 April.
Up to four ballots will be held each day, and the ballot papers are burned after every second vote in a stove inside the Sistine Chapel.
Chemicals are added to colour the smoke - black smoke signals failure to agree on a candidate, while white smoke means a new pope has been chosen. This time the white smoke will be accompanied by the ringing of the bells of St Peter's Basilica.
However, there was still some uncertainty about the colour of the smoke as it streamed out of the chimney.
"We thought it was white, then it went black. I had a feeling of exhilaration followed by disappointment," Harold Reeves, a 35-year-old theology student from the US, who was in St Peter's Square, told Associated Press.
Experts had predicted that even if they did so the chance of a pope being elected on the first ballot was extremely remote.
Earlier the cardinals processed to the Sistine Chapel from the Hall of Blessings in the Apostolic Palace.
Strict security measures have been imposed to ensure the secrecy of the conclave is kept.
Parts of the Vatican have been sealed off, and all staff who will come into contact with the cardinals have taken a vow not to divulge anything of what they see or hear.
Mobile phones, newspapers and television are banned, and the Sistine Chapel has been swept to check for bugging devices.
The cardinals will shuttle between the Domus Sanctae Marthae hotel - nestled within the city-state's walls, where they are staying - and the Sistine Chapel until the conclave is finished.
Smoke signals no pope agreement (BBC 18/4/05)
Black smoke at first vote (AsiaNews.it 18/4/05)
Cardinals begin electing new pope (BBC 18/4/05)
Cardinals enter conclave, black smoke appears at 8:04 p.m. (Vatican Information Service 18/4/05)
List of 115 cardinal electors (Vatican Information Service 18/4/05)
Ian Jack: A sentimental education (The Guardian 16/4/05)
Special Vatican stamps sold out (Irish Times 18/4/05)
Archbishop prays for cardinals choosing new Pope (Irish Times 18/4/05)
Cardinals set a Ratzinger trap (Daily Telegraph 19/4/05)
Strong papal candidate has Nazi past (Big News Network/United Press International 18/4/05)
Indian cardinal in race for Papacy (Independent-Bangladesh 17/4/05)
African cardinal wins over Romans (BBC 17/4/05)
A look at some frequently mentioned papal candidates (Knight Ridder/Yahoo 17/4/05)
Pope Hoped to Visit China, Bishop Says (Associated Press/Yahoo 18/4/05)
Cardinals prepare for secret ballot (ABC TV 7:30 Report 18/4/05)
Catholics wait for white smoke (ABC Radio AM 18/4/05)
Cardinals pray for guidance ahead of conclave (ABC TV Lateline 18/4/05)
Cardinals enter Sistine Chapel for conclave (ABC/Reuters 18/4/05)
Cardinals prepare to enter conclave to elect new Pope (ABC Radio PM 18/4/05)
Catholic cardinals to begin selection process for new pope (Radio Australia 18/4/05)
Mass for the election of new Pontiff in St Peter's (AsiaNews.it 18/4/05)
Cardinal Ratzinger s wish for "a pastor that guides us to knowing Christ" (AsiaNews.it 18/4/05)
Prayers for conclave throughout India (AsiaNews.it 18/4/05)
Repression of Montagnards continues (AsiaNews.it 18/4/05)
Cardinals in conclave as doors to Sistine Chapel are shut (AsiaNews.it 18/4/05)
Ratzinger warns of dangers to Church (Associated Press/Canadian Press 18/4/05)
Thousands fill St. Peter's Square as cardinals prepare to elect new pope (Associated Press/Canadian Press 18/4/05)
Survivors Network of those Abused by Priests (SNAP) calls five cardinals 'morally unacceptable' as papal candidates (Catholic News Service 15/4/05)
Members of religious orders gather at Vatican to thank late pope (Catholic News Service 17/4/05)
At Mass to open conclave, cardinals pray for election of a holy man (Catholic News Service 18/4/05)
Cardinals process into Sistine Chapel to begin election of new pope (Catholic News Service 18/4/05)
Cardinal Ouellet: Conclave is act of faith, not politics (Catholic News Agency 18/4/05)
John Paul II's heart like that of Christ, Cardinal Medina says (Catholic News Agency 18/4/05)
Cardinals say they do not know who next Pope will be yet (Catholic News Agency 18/4/05)
Eucharist pulled from E-bay sale (Catholic News Agency 18/4/05)
Cardinal Ratzinger prays for 'a pastor to lead us to knowledge of Christ, to His love, to true joy' (Catholic News Agency 18/4/05)
Black smoke signals no pope chosen in first vote (Catholic News Agency 18/4/05)
Progressive Cardinals Try to Block Ratzinger (Common Dreams/The Times 18/4/05)
Cardinals split over Ratzinger (The Courier Mail 19/4/05)
Toward the conclave #10: rating the papabile (Catholic World News 16/4/05)
Ratzinger denounces ideology, at Mass opening conclave (Catholic World News 18/4/05)
Sistine Chapel ready for electors (Catholic World News 18/4/05)
Next Pope will be different yet similar, French prelate says (Catholic World News 18/4/05)
Russian Orthodox leader calls for radical changes under next Pope (Ecumenical News International 18/4/05)
Picking a Papal Name (Fox News/Associated Press 18/4/05)
Irish Bookmaker Taking Bets on Next Pope (The Guardian/Associated Press 18/4/05)
Black Smoke Signals No New Pope Elected (The Herald-Sun Durham North Carolina/Associated Press 18/4/05)
Cardinals Prepare for a Difficult Choice (The Herald-Sun Durham North Carolina/Associated Press 17/4/05)
Cardinals May Want Pope to Bridge Divides (The Herald-Sun Durham North Carolina/Associated Press 17/4/05)
Sistine Chapel Has False Floor, Stove (The Herald-Sun Durham North Carolina/Associated Press 16/4/05)
Speculation over first black Pope (Herald-Sun 18/4/05)
Jews anxiously await new pope (Jerusalem Post 17/4/05)
Pontificating (Los Angeles Times 17/4/05)
Conclave: Hopes from the South, a pope for the poor (Missionary Service News Agency 18/4/05)
Conclave: "extra omnes" - everybody out (Missionary Service News Agency 18/4/05)
Conclave: Hopes of the South, "a pope among the people" (Missionary Service News Agency 18/4/05)
Joan Chittister, OSB: Never mind the papabile, consider the papacy (National Catholic Reporter 18/4/05)
Germany's Kasper: No need for 'clone' of John Paul II (National Catholic Reporter 18/4/05)
John L. Allen: Getting to know you - Cardinals with little connection to Rome have missed out on informal gatherings (National Catholic Reporter 17/4/05)
John Paul II gets mixed reviews from religious congregations (National Catholic Reporter 18/4/05)
New pope should put collegiality at top of list (National Catholic Reporter 18/4/05)
Ratzinger in forceful call for conservative path (National Catholic Reporter 18/4/05)
Michael Novak: Holy What?! (National Review Online 18/4/05)
Pell calls on church to change (The Australian 18/4/05)
Black Smoke Emerges, Signaling No New Pope Today (New York Times 18/4/05)
Cardinals' robes are red, stitches are tradition (Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 18/4/05)
Cardinals enter conclave with an eye toward youth (Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 18/4/05)
Cardinal Says New Pope Must Defend Tradition (Reuters 18/4/05)
Cardinals Closed in Sistine Chapel for Conclave (Reuters 18/4/05)
Next pope still anyone's guess as voting starts (Sydney Morning Herald 19/4/05)
Pope vote: tradition goes hi-tech (Sydney Morning Herald 19/4/05)
Holy smoke and secret oaths: how to pick a pontiff (Sydney Morning Herald 19/4/05)
Cardinal Ratzinger: Let us ask god for a pastor to lead us to Christ (TCR News/Vatican Information Service 18/4/05)
Bookies tip Arinze or Ratzinger (Agence France-Presse/The Age 19/4/05)
Field wide open as cardinals gather (The Age 19/4/05)
Potential pontiffs jam Sistine Chapel (The Age 18/4/05)
Editorial: Pressing issues that weigh on the conclave (The Australian 19/4/05)
Louise Evans: New pontiff needs to give women a vestry with a view (The Australian 19/4/05)
Ratzinger pleads for a 'clear faith' (The Australian 19/4/05)
Cardinals pray ahead of pope vote (Agence France-Presse/Courier-Mail 18/4/05)
Bets on Ratzinger, Martini for pope (Agence France-Presse/Courier-Mail 18/4/05)
Black Smoke Flows From Sistine Chapel; 1st Vote Completed (The KCRA Channel.com 18/4/05)
Heaven less opulent than Vatican, reports disappointed Pope (The Onion 13/4/05)
Catherine Pepinster: The other half of the Church (The Tablet 16/4/05)
Editorial: Never Peter without the eleven (The Tablet 16/4/05)
Clifford Longley: The lost continent (The Tablet 16/4/05)
How a new pope is elected (The Times 18/4/05)
How a new pope is elected (The Times 18/4/05)
Jean-Louis Tauran to Gabriel Zubeir Wako (Zenit 17/4/05 - temporary url)
Cardinals Poised for Conclave's Opening (Zenit 17/4/05 - temporary url)
Vatican Briefing on the Conclave (Zenit 17/4/05 - temporary url)
Cardinal Maida on the Mourning for John Paul II (Zenit 17/4/05 - temporary url)
John Paul II's Legacy in Diplomacy (Zenit 17/4/05 - temporary url)
Next Pope Must Be Prophet and Father, Says Mexican Cardinal (Zenit 17/4/05 - temporary url)
"Strength of Spirit" Sustained Pope, Says Physician (Zenit 17/4/05 - temporary url)
Cardinals to Enter Conclave in Solemn Procession (Zenit 17/4/05 - temporary url)
Solemn Mass to Begin Process of Papal Election (Zenit 17/4/05 - temporary url)
19 Apr 2005