Pope ends homecoming trip to Poland
In a tearful, farewell Mass in his beloved Krakow, Pope John Paul II told more than two million Poles yesterday that he would like to return one day - but "this is entirely in God's hands".
Brushing aside any notion he might step down while making his ninth papal trip to his homeland, the Holy Father grew weaker during the three-hour service until the faithful raised his spirits by chanting his name.
"God bless you", he said to applause from the vast throng. Then, choosing his words carefully, he said, "I would like to add 'until next time' but this is entirely in God's hands."
The Polish pilgrimage has been both a trip down memory lane for the pope - who visited his old house, the quarry where he laboured during the Nazi occupation and his family's graves - and an opportunity to underline Poland's deeply Catholic traditions as it moves to join heavily secular Western Europe.
Most of all it, the pilgrimage has emphasised Poland's extraordinary bond with its favourite son - the first Polish pope, who successfully challenged communism.
"You are great. We love you. Stay with us," the crowd shouted. "I say, you are telling me to desert Rome!" John Paul responded with tears in his eyes.
Many in the crowd, fearing it would be the pope's last visit, were teary-eyed, too. The crowd was the biggest for a papal Mass since four million people attended a 1995 service in Manila. Previous record crowds in Poland have numbered around one million since John Paul began returning to his homeland after assuming the papacy in 1978.
John Paul looked uncomfortable sitting on the altar in green robes as the temperature reached almost 30 degrees. His hands trembled and he often slurred his words, symptoms of Parkinson's disease, during the long ceremony that included the beatification of four Poles - three priests and a nun.
One of those beatified was an archbishop of Warsaw, Zygmunt Szczesny Felinski, who was deported to Russia in 1863 by Warsaw's then-czarist rulers as punishment for his loyalty to the Vatican. He remained in exile for 20 years and never was allowed to regain his position in Warsaw before dying in 1895.
John Paul, as a theme, warned Poles of dangers posed when man "puts himself in God's place" - referring to genetic engineering and euthanasia - and by encroachments on traditional church teaching.
"When the noisy propaganda of liberalism, of freedom without truth or responsibility, grows stronger in our country, too, the shepherds of the church cannot fail to proclaim the one fail-proof philosophy of freedom, which is the truth of the cross of Christ," the pope said.
The message reaches a nation increasingly soured on a capitalist system that has created social and economic disparities, and plays into growing sentiments among conservative Catholics that political decisions made on issues such as abortion in order to integrate Poland with Western Europe will spoil their country.
The crowd responded to his homily with chants of "Thank you."
John Paul's four-day visit ends today when he visits a sanctuary 44 kilometres outside Krakow. He is scheduled to depart for Rome in the early evening.
Apostolic Voyage to Poland, 16 - 19 August 2002
19 Aug 2002